Behaviour

Free Won’t

“Free Will, and Free Won’t” – so goes the title for chapter 9 of Jeffrey Schwartz’s (2002) book “The Mind & The Brain”. Research there suggests that volition may not just be the result of a conscious intent to do something but, and perhaps more likely, the direction of attention to not do something. Experimental … Continue reading

Behaviour

Zombie Brains

In his Philosophical Zombie thought experiment, David Chalmers (1996) proposed that one could conceive of an individual that is physically identical to you, right down to the molecular level, but does not have any phenomenally conscious state whatsoever. This is one phrasing of his “Hard Problem of Consciousness”, namely, why should physical processing give rise … Continue reading

Behaviour

SCARF

The SCARF model describes five domains considered important in explaining, for a social setting, a key organising principle of the brain – minimise danger, maximise reward. Denoting status, certainty, autonomy, relatedness and fairness, SCARF brings to sharp relief the findings from social cognitive neuroscience that social needs are just as paramount as the physical. Details … Continue reading

Foucalt and Autonomy
Behaviour

Foucalt and Autonomy

The Frenchman Michel Foucault was one of the leading figures in twentieth century philosophy. His theories and constructs made a profound impact across many social movements and institutions including women’s liberation and psychiatry. A Foucaultian analysis surfaces deep insights into the political context in which the individual operates. The reality an individual experiences cannot be … Continue reading